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  • The effectiveness of selected feed and water additives

    Eating inappropriately prepared poultry meat is a major cause of foodborne salmonellosis. Our objectives were to determine the efficacy of feed and water additives (other than competitive exclusion and antimicrobials) on reducing Salmonella prevalence or concentration in broiler chickens using systematic review-meta-analysis and to explore sources of heterogeneity found in the meta-analysis ...

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  • Effectivenesss of some Feed Additives for Detoxification ...

    J. Animal and Poultry Prod., Mansoura Univ., Vol.9 (8): 345 – 356, 2018 Effectivenesss of some Feed Additives for Detoxification of Aflatoxin B1 in Laying Hens

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  • Feed Additives for Swine – Hogs, Pigs, and Pork

    2018-1-1 · Oregano EOs can be used as feed additives in ruminant nutrition to improve performance of dairy or meat animals, increase feed efficiency, and support health. On the other hand, detailed characterization of EOs, or their active components, that can favorably alter rumen fermentation without resulting in broad overall inhibition of rumen fermentation, remains a major challenge for animal …

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  • Oregano: A Feed Additive With Functional Properties ...

    2009-8-31 · Feed additives are non-nutritive products used in swine diets to improve produc-tion effi ciency and performance. If chosen carefully and used properly, feed additives can be effective and can help increase the profi tability of pig production. Not all feed additives are the same or provide a benefi cial response and, therefore, choosing

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  • Feed additives for swine: Fact sheets – acidifiers and ...

    Abstract. Extracts, essential oils, and other botanical preparations from hundreds of plant species belonging to almost 100 plant families are actually used as feed additives—so called phytogenics, botanicals, or phytobiotics—mainly as flavorings or zootechnical additives.Their active principles comprise different groups (classes) of phytochemicals such as mono- and sesquiterpenes ...

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  • Guidance on the assessment of the efficacy of feed

    broiler industries that feed additives have been used to control coccidiosis and other possible diseases such as necrotic enteritis or colibacillosis. Feed additives in the form of coccidiostat and antibiotic growth promoter (AGP) have been added in the broiler feed to maintain intestinal integrity and hence improve efficiency of

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  • Feed Additives | ScienceDirect

    Safety and efficacy of a feed additive consisting of acetic acid for all animal species EFSA Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed (FEEDAP), Vasileios Bampidis, Giovanna Azimonti, Maria de Lourdes Bastos, Henrik Christensen, Birgit Dusemund, Mojca Fasmon Durjava, Maryline Kouba, Marta L opez-Alonso,

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  • Frontiers | Potential for Prebiotics as Feed Additives

    The genus Allium, belonging to the family Amaryllidaceae has been known since ancient times for their therapeutic potentials. As the number of multi-drug resistant infections has increased due to in-feed antibiotic usage in poultry, the relevance of alliums as feed additives has been critically assessed. Garlic and the other Allium species, such as onions, leek, shallot, scallion, and chives ...

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  • The Genus Allium as Poultry Feed Additive: A Review

    Copper (Cu) is a vital trace element involved in various physiological and biochemical processes. However, animals can only absorb a small fraction of Cu and the most is excreted, contaminating soil and aquatic environment. Hence, the use of this mineral as a growth promoter is today one of the crucial health and environmental concerns. In recent years, many studies have reported Cu ...

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  • Copper nanoparticles as an alternative feed additive

    2021-3-1 · Also, the residues of feed additives in animal-derived foods are highly influenced. If people often eat such animal-derived food, hazardous substances will enrich in the body, which is harmful to human health. Montmorillonite (Mt), a ubiquitously natural clay mineral with good availability, is widely used in the feed (Song et al., 2012).

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  • On how montmorillonite as an ingredient in animal

    Antibacterial ability of probionts against fish pathogens: Table 3 demonstrated the results of antagonism ability of probionts. At 0 h pre-incubation of the probionts, there was no antagonism ability observed. All of the probionts showed their antibacterial ability after 24 h pre-incubation. However, the antibacterial ability of probionts was ...

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  • Animals | Free Full-Text | Overview of the Use of ...

    2019-7-9 · functions of various feed additives like probiotics, prebiotics, organic acids and plant extracts [Table 1]. To gain advantageous effects of herbs and spices, they can be added to feed as dried plants or parts of plants and as extracts [5]. Possible use of medical herbs 1. Effect of medical herbs and spices on appetite and digestibility

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  • Antibacterial Ability and Molecular Characterization

    the feed and growth stimulator, antistress, immunostimulation, and antibacterial characteristics. Since the use of herbs promotes good effects, various commercial herbal additives have been introduced in aquaculture. A preliminary study by Rawling et al. (2009) demonstrated that low levels (25–100 mg/kg) of …

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  • Importance of medical herbs in animal feeding: A review

    2002-6-1 · Industrial relevance: The emergence of gentle (non-thermal) process conditions for preservation and shelf life extension of foods makes packaging and packages an integral part of retaining food safety criteria.Antimicrobial packaging is a form of active packaging. This highly interesting review offers a summary of the wide variety of recent antimicrobial packaging materials and of related ...

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  • The effectiveness of selected feed and water

    2012-8-2 · Eating inappropriately prepared poultry meat is a major cause of foodborne salmonellosis. Our objectives were to determine the efficacy of feed and water additives (other than competitive exclusion and antimicrobials) on reducing Salmonella prevalence or concentration in broiler chickens using systematic review-meta-analysis and to explore sources of heterogeneity found in the meta-analysis ...

    Get Price
  • Probiotic feed additives - effectiveness and

    Probiotic feed additives - effectiveness and expected modes of action. ... Overview of differences between microbial feed additives and probiotics for food regarding regulation, ... Saccharomyces cerevisiaestrains retain their viability and aflatoxin B1binding ability under gastrointestinal conditions and improve ruminal fermentation C.A. Dogi, ...

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  • Evaluating the Cost Effectiveness of Feed Additives ...

    2017-11-8 · The ration cost can be partitioned (based on energy use) into 4.20 for production and 2.10 for maintenance. The 4.20 can be divided by the milk level (80 lbs) to yield a marginal cost of .0525/lb of milk or 5.25/cwt milk. If there is no change in feed efficiency, the next marginal lb of milk is estimated to cost .0525 to produce.

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  • Functional Feed Additives - BASF

    Dr. Daniel Aydin. Head of Functional Feed Additives. +49 621 60-29553. +49 172 7465062. Send email. With our product range, we are able to offer our customers innovative solutions to reduce the use of antibiotics in animal feed. Authorities and customers have shown great acceptance for the product, as have end customers.

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  • The effectiveness of microbial phytase - Feed

    2020-7-14 · The effectiveness of microbial phytase is because it frees up phosphorus bound in phytate in feed ingredients. The effect of microbial phytase in proportion to the total amount of phytic phosphorus: the more phytates, which contain phosphorus, the more phosphorus is released under the influence of microbial phytase. Phosphorus availability is increased by adding phytase of microbial origin to ...

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  • Cost Effectiveness of Feed Additives - wcds.ualberta.ca

    2017-6-12 · Cost Effectiveness of Feed Additives. Mike Hutjens. Dept. of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, 232 A.S.L., 1207 W. Gregory Dr., Urbana, IL 61801 U.S.A # Take Home Messages. Additives must be cost effective before being included in dairy rations. The role of an additive must be defined and evaluated on individual farms.

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  • Common Feed Additives in Animal Nutrition -

    2013-10-2 · A range of feed additives, many of biotechnological origin, are known to modify rumen fermentation. These biotechnological products can help in improving animal feed its nutrients e.g. silage, biological treatment with microorganisms or through modifying the digestive and metabolic systems of the animals, i.e. modifying rumen ecosystem, to enable them to make better use of the available feeds.

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  • Phytogenic feed additives as an alternative to

    2019-7-9 · functions of various feed additives like probiotics, prebiotics, organic acids and plant extracts [Table 1]. To gain advantageous effects of herbs and spices, they can be added to feed as dried plants or parts of plants and as extracts [5]. Possible use of medical herbs 1. Effect of medical herbs and spices on appetite and digestibility

    Get Price
  • Frontiers | Potential for Prebiotics as Feed Additives to ...

    The effectiveness of including protein-vitamin-mineral feed additives in rations for pregnant and lactating sows was investigated in feeding trials conducted on farms in the Russian Republic of Chuvashia. In the first trial, three groups of ten Russian Large White sows that were in their second, third or fourth lactations and had live weights of 227-230 kg were used in order to monitor the...

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  • The effectiveness of feed additives incorporated in

    2021-2-17 · gain by 3.3–8.8% and improve feed efficiency by 2.5–7.0%. The exact mechanisms by which this occurs are not completely understood. Since feed antibiotics provide a relatively greater improvement in farms with poor hygiene, their effectiveness is at least partially due to suppression of some pathogenic bacteria in livestock.

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  • Alternatives to Antibiotic Use for Growth Promotion in ...

    2021-2-2 · Feed additives as a strategic approach to reduce enteric methane production in cattle: modes of action, effectiveness and safety. A Department of Animal Science, University of California, Davis, 2111 Meyer Hall, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA, 95618, USA.

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  • Phytogenic feed additives as an alternative to

    Animal Feed Additives Market: Overview. The revenue generated from the global animal feed additives market was projected to be valued at ~US 15 Bn in 2019 and is expected to reach ~US 18 Bn by 2029.Overall, the market is likely to show a CAGR of ~2% during the forecast period of 2019-2029.; Animal feed additives play an increasingly important role in animal nutrition.

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  • CSIRO PUBLISHING | Animal Production Science

    2013-9-14 · In the past two decades, an intensive amount of research has been focused on the development of alternatives to antibiotics to maintain swine health and performance. The most widely researched alternatives include probiotics, prebiotics, acidifiers, plant extracts and neutraceuticals such as copper and zinc. Since these additives have been more than adequately covered in previous …

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  • Animal Feed Additives Market | Global Industry

    VemoZyme ® P is with activity of min 15 000 units per gramme. Definition: The proteolytic activity (PA) is expressed in tyrosine units and is defined as the quantity of enzyme preparation, which liberates 1 μg tyrosine from casein for 1 minute at 30°С and рН 7.0.

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  • Alternatives to antibiotics as growth promoters for

    Harper also says the use of antibiotic feed additives should not be a crutch for allowing poor sanitation practices. Researcher reviews antibiotics in swine These results conclude that genistein may be applied as an alternative to antibiotic feed additives for broiler chickens.

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  • VemoZyme® P - Feed Additives - Vemo 99

    The present study is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of Tasco-14 in reducing the incidence of E. coli O157:H7 in experimentally inoculated cattle and may represent the identification of an economically feasible management strategy to control E. coli O157:H7 in cattle and thereby lower the associated risk of environmental contamination.

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  • Evaluating the Cost Effectiveness of Feed Additives

    2018-5-2 · Evaluating the Cost Effectiveness of Feed Additives 151 Figure 2: Screen shot of the feed additive impact screen. These economic estimates will change as the parameters of the model are changed (Figure 3). For example, if the product improves feed efficiency by

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  • Feed Additives for Beef Cattle Diets

    2018-10-8 · Feed Additives for Beef Cattle Diets Feed additives can effectively improve production levels, efficiency, and animal health. Feed additives are appropriate not only in cattle finishing operations, but also in cow-calf and stocker grazing operations. The primary effects of feed additives are increased feed efficiency and or improved average ...

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  • Feed Additives in Animal Health | SpringerLink

    2019-5-22 · Ban of antibiotic use as growth promoters, cost-effectiveness, and increased awareness about harmful residual effect cause herbal feed additive to gain importance in sustainable livestock production. Animal husbandry sector gets benefited by the use of number of feed additives such as ascorbic acid, prebiotic, probiotic, and herbal extracts.

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  • Studying the microflora of broilers to assess the ...

    The creation of new feed additives, compositions of original substances (vegetable or chemical origin) requires a modern assessment of their safety for the animal body and effective use in the production of agricultural products. In the experiment, the control group received a basic diet (BD); I experimental – BD with lived microorganisms based on bacterial strain Bacillus cereus in a dose ...

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  • Poultry feed availability and nutrition in developing ...

    2021-2-8 · Feed represents the major cost of poultry production, constitut-ing up to 70 percent of the total. Of total feed cost, about 95 percent is used to meet energy and protein requirements, about 3 to 4 percent for major mineral, trace mineral and vitamin require-ments, and 1 to 2 percent for various feed additives. Poultry diets

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  • Animal Feed Additives Market | Global Industry

    Animal Feed Additives Market: Overview. The revenue generated from the global animal feed additives market was projected to be valued at ~US 15 Bn in 2019 and is expected to reach ~US 18 Bn by 2029.Overall, the market is likely to show a CAGR of ~2% during the forecast period of 2019-2029.; Animal feed additives play an increasingly important role in animal nutrition.

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  • North America Specialty Animal Feed Additives

    Rising meat consumption driving the North America specialty animal feed additives growth. North America specialty animal feed additives market size exceeded USD 217 million in 2019 and is estimated to grow at over 4.1% CAGR between 2020 and 2026.Strong application potential for overcoming nutritional deficiency in livestock feed is likely to drive North America specialty animal feed additives ...

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  • CVM GFI #38 Guideline for Effectiveness Evaluation of ...

    2021-6-7 · This guideline is intended to aid sponsors of NADAs to develop protocols for tests generating data to be included in NADAs to show the effectiveness of topical/otic new animal drugs, and ...

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  • Applications of Some Natural Active Extracts for Cereal ...

    2018-12-10 · feed using aflatoxin’s binders and additives in animal feed. Also, ... has described having various biological effectiveness, including the antibacterial, antifungal, anticancer, antiviral and antitumor ... to evaluate the ability to scavenge free ABTS radicals, based on the protocol of Re et al. [18]. ...

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  • The Effectiveness of Vitamin and Mineral Feed

    Хранение и публикация учебных и учебно-тематических материалов, все для учебы Наука Медицинские науки Гематология The Effectiveness of Vitamin and Mineral Feed Additives in the Form

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  • JUL Y 2002

    lead to a loss of effectiveness of key antibiotics in human medicine. Recently the European Community reviewed the technical information and changing social attitudes to the use of additives in animal feed. As a result the EU has introduced legislation, which effectively bans most feed antibiotics from August 1999. Drawback of banning antibiotics

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  • Essential Oils in Veterinary Use: A Survey of Recent Data ...

    2013-2-28 · as feed additives for livestock was completely outlawed. Consequently, extensive efforts have been made toward developing alternatives to stabilize the health and growth performance in animals.[8] The use of essential oils, not only in aromatherapy, is getting more and more popular nowadays. However not every oil is supposed to

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  • Potential of phytofactors - Journal of Animal and Feed ...

    2000, a feed antibiotic retreat has been observed, whose main reasons include: 1. a resurgence of interest of pharmaceutical companies in plants, 2. increasing interest from the animal industry, and 3. increasing legislation surrounding the use of the so-called medicinal feed additives…

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  • Effectiveness of Rosemary ( Rosmarinus officinalis L ...

    2014-4-3 · The effect of aflatoxins B1 (AFB1) contaminated feed on performance parameters (feed intake, body weight and feed conversion ratio) and on Immune response on antibody titers of Newcastle Disease, Infectious Bronchitis and Avian Influenza content was investigated in broiler chicks using 240 unsexed Ross 308, were randomly allotted into 4 treatments with 3 replicates having 20 chicks each …

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  • Feed additives in poultry nutrition Research Papers ...

    This study examined the effects of dietary Spirulina platensis (SP) at levels of 0, 5, and 10 g.kg-1 and selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) at 0, 0.1, and 0.2 mg.kg-1, individually and in combination, on heat-stressed broiler chickens for 5...

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  • Additives for animal feed - NOREL ANIMAL

    The base diet of the animals was the same as described in Example 1, but complemented with various additives for feed: (i) 1.5 g of BP-70/kg. of feed (Groups C and E), (ii) 1.5 g of BP-70+ginger+piperine/kg feed (Groups D and F). All the additives for feed were supplied by Norel, SA (Madrid, Spain).

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  • Natural Food Additives and Preservatives for Fish

    Fish-paste products, also known as fish cakes or surimi-based products, are worldwide favorites. Surimi, a wet protein concentrate of fish muscle, is used as an intermediate raw material to produce surimi seafood. The flavor, texture, taste, shelf-life, and market value of surimi-based products depend on the source of the fish meat, type of applied heat treatment, and additives used to prepare ...

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  • Nanotechnology in agri-food production: an overview ...

    2014-5-20 · Nanotechnology promises to improve current agriculture practices through the enhancement of management and conservation of inputs in crops, animal production, and fisheries. 28 In recent years, the food industry has made great progress in areas such as the improvement of new packaging products, the development of new functional products ...

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  • Nutritional and immunological effects of nano

    2019-4-23 · The poultry industry is mainly scared by affected by infections due to microorganisms which reduce the growth rate and cause economic losses. Currently, vaccines and antibiotics are utilised to combat these infectious microorganisms, but irresponsible use of antibiotics may pose health risks to consumers, and there is a need for drug-free alternatives.

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  • The Use of Plant Antimicrobial Compounds for Food

    Foodborne disease is a global issue with significant impact on human health. With the growing consumer demand for natural preservatives to replace chemical compounds, plant antimicrobial compounds must be thoroughly investigated for their potential to serve as biopreservatives. This review paper will focus on the plant-derived products as antimicrobial agents for use in food preservation and ...

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  • Cost Effectiveness of Feed Additives - paradoxnut.com

    2017-1-4 · Cost Effectiveness of Feed Additives Mary Beth de Ondarza, Ph.D. Paradox Nutrition, LLC West Chazy, New York

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  • Medicinal Feed Additives Market to Witness

    2021-6-29 · Medicated Feed Additives are fed to animals for nutritional purposes, medicinal purposes, to prevent, treat, or control bacterial infections, coccidiosis, and worms, and to prevent mortality. The necessary utilization of medicated feed additives is to maintain good animal health and enhance growth and feed effectiveness.

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  • Symposium: wise use of chemicals, drugs, and

    Symposium: wise use of chemicals, drugs, and additives by dairy producers. Clearance procedures for new animal drugs and feed additives. Frobish RA, van Houweling CD. We have attempted to provide an overview of the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act as it pertains to animal drugs and feed additives.

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  • CRINA® - @anh

    CRINA ® contains essential oil components proven in trials to improve feed digestion and provide great benefits.. Essential oil components have shown to work on two fronts. Firstly, they improve the balance of gut microflora, increasing the proportion of beneficial bacteria and reducing the amounts of pathogenic and undesirable bacteria in the animal’s system.

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  • Effectiveness of Rosemary ( Rosmarinus officinalis L ...

    2014-4-3 · The effect of aflatoxins B1 (AFB1) contaminated feed on performance parameters (feed intake, body weight and feed conversion ratio) and on Immune response on antibody titers of Newcastle Disease, Infectious Bronchitis and Avian Influenza content was investigated in broiler chicks using 240 unsexed Ross 308, were randomly allotted into 4 treatments with 3 replicates having 20 chicks each …

    Get Price
  • Additives for animal feed - NOREL ANIMAL

    The base diet of the animals was the same as described in Example 1, but complemented with various additives for feed: (i) 1.5 g of BP-70/kg. of feed (Groups C and E), (ii) 1.5 g of BP-70+ginger+piperine/kg feed (Groups D and F). All the additives for feed were supplied by Norel, SA (Madrid, Spain).

    Get Price
  • Factors Contributing to the Emergence of Resistance -

    Although microbial resistance results primarily as a consequence of selection pressure placed on susceptible microbes by the use of therapeutic agents, a variety of social and administrative factors also contribute to the emergence and spread of resistance. The focus of this session of the workshop was to examine these factors and to describe potential ways to minimize their role in promoting ...

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  • Natural Food Additives and Preservatives for Fish

    Fish-paste products, also known as fish cakes or surimi-based products, are worldwide favorites. Surimi, a wet protein concentrate of fish muscle, is used as an intermediate raw material to produce surimi seafood. The flavor, texture, taste, shelf-life, and market value of surimi-based products depend on the source of the fish meat, type of applied heat treatment, and additives used to prepare ...

    Get Price
  • Feed additives in poultry nutrition Research Papers ...

    This study examined the effects of dietary Spirulina platensis (SP) at levels of 0, 5, and 10 g.kg-1 and selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) at 0, 0.1, and 0.2 mg.kg-1, individually and in combination, on heat-stressed broiler chickens for 5...

    Get Price
  • Essential Oils in Veterinary Use: A Survey of Recent Data ...

    2013-2-28 · as feed additives for livestock was completely outlawed. Consequently, extensive efforts have been made toward developing alternatives to stabilize the health and growth performance in animals.[8] The use of essential oils, not only in aromatherapy, is getting more and more popular nowadays. However not every oil is supposed to

    Get Price
  • Antimicrobial Coatings for Food Contact Surfaces:

    2021-7-12 · One of the most studied properties of lignins is their antioxidant activity, (e.g., their ability to act as radical scavengers), with the aim of using them as natural additives to replace synthetic or semi-synthetic compounds in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and polymeric formulations (Ugartondo et al. 2008; Vinardell et al. 2008; Lu et al. 2012b).

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  • Antioxidant, antimicrobial, and antimutagenic

    2021-6-17 · Most feed mills have continuous or intermittent problems with stored-product insects and in a study in the US, 18% of 298 live insects from nine insect species collected from six feed mills yielded AMR Enterococcus spp. at levels ranging from 2 × 10 1 to 1.3 × 10 5 per insect (Larson et al., 2008).

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  • Improving pet food digestibility with yucca schidigera ...

    2019-10-21 · Public unrest about the use of antimicrobial agents in farming practice is the leading cause of increasing and the emergences of Multi-drug Resistant Bacteria that have placed pressure on the agri-food industry to act. The usage of antimicrobials in food and agriculture have direct or indirect effects on the development of Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) by bacteria associated with animals and ...

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  • Role played by the environment in the emergence

    2018-2-2 · by Veerasak “Jeep” Srisuknimit figures by Jovana Andrejevic. Our time with antibiotics is running out. In 2016, a woman in Nevada died from a bacterial infection caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae that was resistant to all available antibiotics. Bacteria that is resistant to colistin, an antibiotic of last resort, has been discovered on pig farms in China.

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  • Selection and dissemination of antimicrobial

    Introduction. In poultry, antibiotics and antiparasitics are used extensively for disease prevention and treatment. In the United States, antibiotics are also used for growth promotion, although this type of use has been prohibited in the European Union since 2006 (Donoghue, 2003; Castanon, 2007; Companyo et al., 2009).Edible tissues containing veterinary drug residues can pose risks to human ...

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  • Probiotics in aquaculture: a promising emerging ...

    2021-5-26 · Animal health could be managed traditionally via Ethno Veterinary Medicine (EVM) practices, which is a mode of identifying, use and integration of the local knowledge, related skills and custom procedures created by people for purpose of preserving health and welfare of working and productive animals. HTML PDF.

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  • 6 Issues Specific to Antibiotics | The Use of Drugs in ...

    Accelerating growth and global expansion of antimicrobial resistance has deepened the need for discovery of novel antimicrobial agents. Antimicrobial peptides have clear advantages over conventional antibiotics which include slower emergence of resistance, broad-spectrum antibiofilm activity, and the ability to favourably modulate the host immune response.

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  • The value of antimicrobial peptides in the age of ...

    Antibiotics and probiotics are widely used as growth promoters in agriculture. Most antibiotics prescribed in clinical practice are natural products that originate from Streptomyces spp, which were first used as agricultural probiotics. Antibiotics and probiotics both modify the gut microbiota. The effect of a probiotic species on the digestive flora depends on the strain and is largely ...

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  • Related actions of probiotics and antibiotics on gut ...

    2021-6-17 · Most feed mills have continuous or intermittent problems with stored-product insects and in a study in the US, 18% of 298 live insects from nine insect species collected from six feed mills yielded AMR Enterococcus spp. at levels ranging from 2 × 10 1 to 1.3 × 10 5 per insect (Larson et al., 2008).

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  • Role played by the environment in the emergence

    2019-10-21 · Public unrest about the use of antimicrobial agents in farming practice is the leading cause of increasing and the emergences of Multi-drug Resistant Bacteria that have placed pressure on the agri-food industry to act. The usage of antimicrobials in food and agriculture have direct or indirect effects on the development of Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) by bacteria associated with animals and ...

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  • Selection and dissemination of antimicrobial

    Overall, campylobacteriosis is still one of the most important infectious diseases that is likely to challenge global health in the years to come. This review provides a comprehensive overview of the global epidemiology, transmission, and clinical relevance of Campylobacter infection. REFERENCES. 1.

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  • Clinical Microbiology Reviews Journal Homepage

    2017-10-2 · The bacterium has an ability to change forms (e.g., spores) and become dormant when exposed to extreme conditions of temperature, light, etc., and live for a longer period in that form. Once the spores enter into the new host's body or come in contact with a …

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  • Probiotics: The Best Cure for Poor Digestion |

    Patients with undernutrition to a degree that may impair immunity, wound healing, muscle strength, and psychological drive are common in UK hospital populations.1 These individuals cope poorly with modern medical and surgical interventions and, on average, stay in hospital for approximately five days longer than the normally nourished, incurring approximately 50% greater costs.2,3 Hospitals ...

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