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design of xielian for decreased rumination

  • From brooding to detachment: Rumination

    2020-4-25 · The data were analysed using multilevel linear modelling with time-lag analysis. RESULTS: We found that levels of rumination and DEP-DER increased and decreased simultaneously, meaning that on assessments in which people reported that they tended to ruminate, they also reported higher levels of DEP-DER symptoms.

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  • A parametric analysis of the relationship between

    Rumination is the chronic regurgitation, chewing, and reswallowing of previously ingested food. The study reported here, using a parametric design, examined the control of rumination by the quantity of food eaten at meals. The subjects were three profoundly retarded individuals who chronically emitted this behavior.

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  • Decreasing rumination using a starchy food satiation ...

    We found that levels of rumination and DEP‐DER increased and decreased simultaneously, meaning that on assessments in which people reported that they tended to ruminate, they also reported higher levels of DEP‐DER symptoms. In addition, we found support for a unidirectional association, consistent with our theoretical hypothesis.

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  • From brooding to detachment: Rumination

    2002-1-1 · Decreasing rumination using a starchy food satiation procedure Dudley, Laura L.; Johnson, Cammarie; Barnes, R. Scott 2002-01-01 00:00:00 A starchy food satiation procedure was evaluated in an ABAB withdrawal design on the post‐meal rumination of a nine‐year‐old girl with autism. During treatment unlimited quantities of starchy foods were provided following each meal.

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  • Decreasing rumination using a starchy food satiation ...

    1996-9-1 · This study confirmed a positive relationship between peanut butter consumption and decreased rumination occurrences. Results showed decrease occurrences in both rumination frequency and rumination intervals among all subjects. In addition, a relationship was found to exist between the consumption of peanut butter before meals and weight gain.

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  • The Effects of Peanut Butter on Rumination and

    2012-6-1 · This is the first experiment comparing reappraisal, rumination, distraction, and spontaneous regulation on anger. Rumination maintained anger; participants in the remaining conditions reported decreased anger. Ruminating in an emotionally immersive manner induced marginally more anger than ruminating in a self-distanced manner. Reappraisal facilitates adaptive processing of anger-inducing …

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  • The Effects of Analytical Rumination, Reappraisal, and ...

    2020-5-29 · The inclusion criteria were: (1) aged 18 or over; (2) providing written informed consent; (3) wishing to participate in the study; and (4) smoking at least 8 cigarettes per day. Of the total sample, 61.5% were female, and the average age was 45.3 years ( SD = 10.9, range = 19–73).

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  • Does Rumination Mediate the Effect of Depressive

    2020-7-20 · For instance, Smeets et al. found that participants attending a 3-week self-compassion program designed for female college students increased their self-compassion, mindfulness, optimism, self-efficacy, and decreased their rumination and worry. A few limitations of …

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  • Depression and sleep quality among Chinese college ...

    2009-12-11 · Therefore a more detailed design is needed to improve the SMB performances. The key point for the further design is the fact that complete regeneration of the stationary phase (Section 1) and eluent (Section 4) is not needed, when a close to 100% pure extract and raffinate are not the target of the SMB separation process. 4.5.

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  • Cultivating multiple aspects of attention through ...

    2014-1-14 · Cultivating multiple aspects of attention through mindfulness meditation accounts for psychological well-being through decreased rumination Jennifer R Wolkin Department of Psychiatry, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY, USA Abstract: In the last few decades, mindfulness meditation has gained prominence as an adjunctive psychotherapeutic technique.

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  • Does rumination mediate the relationship between ...

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether rumination mediates the relationship between mindfulness and depressive relapse.DESIGN: This prospective design involved a secondary data analysis for identifying causal mechanisms using mediation analysis.METHODS: This study was embedded in a pragmatic randomized controlled trial of mindfulness ...

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  • Transforming or restraining rumination: The impact of ...

    2017-2-10 · Transforming or restraining rumination: The impact of compassionate reappraisal versus emotion suppression on empathy, forgiveness, ... (vs. offense ruminating) reduced ratings of negative emotion, decreased the use of negative emotion language, and reduced tension at the brow muscle ... experimental design that would have implications for an ...

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  • From brooding to detachment: Rumination

    2020-4-25 · Rumination and DEP-DER oscillate together over time; additionally, rumination predicts a longitudinal increase in DEP-DER. Clinicians noticing ruminative thought followed by decreased emotionality should distinguish between an authentic decrease of distress versus detachment.

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  • Rumination derails reinforcement learning with

    2021-3-2 · Rumination impaired performance, yet unexpectedly this impairment could not be attributed to decreased attentional breadth (quantified using a “decay” parameter in a computational model). Instead, trait rumination (between subjects) was associated with higher decay rates (implying narrower attention), yet not with impaired performance.

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  • A food satiation and oral hygiene punishment

    The second client's rumination decreased from a baseline average of 49.9% to 7.9% during satiation and to 1.4% during satiation plus oral hygiene. Generalization probes taken following the breakfast and dinner meals showed a systematic decline in rumination as the …

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  • Measuring State-Specific Rumination: Development of the ...

    design, rumination about an interpersonal offense one day pre- dicted increases in revenge and avoidance for that offense the following day (McCullough, Bono, & Root, 2007).

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  • Transforming or restraining rumination: The impact of ...

    2017-2-10 · Transforming or restraining rumination: The impact of compassionate reappraisal versus emotion suppression on empathy, forgiveness, ... (vs. offense ruminating) reduced ratings of negative emotion, decreased the use of negative emotion language, and reduced tension at the brow muscle ... experimental design that would have implications for an ...

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  • Does rumination mediate the relationship between ...

    2015-6-27 · Increased mindfulness and decreased rumination have both been associated with decreased depressive relapse. The aim of this study was to investigate whether rumination mediates the relationship between mindfulness and depressive relapse. Design

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  • Treatment options for rumination syndrome: A

    2019-6-30 · Regurgitation episodes decreased by 74 ± 6% in the biofeedback group (n = 12) but only by 1 ± 14% in the placebo group (n = 11; P < 0.001). Biofeedback significantly reduced the activity of the abdominothoracic muscles, whereas the placebo had no effect; Number of daily rumination episodes decreased to 7.7 ± 1.9 immediately after biofeedback ...

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  • STUDY PROTOCOL Open Access Preventing relapse in

    2017-8-25 · [16] and that decreased rumination mediates the effects of MBCT [17]. Unlike cognitive reactivity and rumin-ation, self-compassion seems to be a beneficial factor that is protective against depression. Self-compassion can be described as a combination of (a) self-kindness - being kind and understanding toward oneself in instances of

    Get Price
  • A food satiation and oral hygiene punishment

    The second client's rumination decreased from a baseline average of 49.9% to 7.9% during satiation and to 1.4% during satiation plus oral hygiene. Generalization probes taken following the breakfast and dinner meals showed a systematic decline in rumination as the …

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  • Forage Intake and Rumination by Sheep | Journal of

    1979-11-1 · These indicators of rumination activity increased with increasing hay intake, but the responses were quadratic. In addition, these measures were highly correlated with each other (r>.9). As hay intake increased, number of chews per minute and per bolus increased (P<.01) while number of boluses per minute of rumination time decreased.

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  • A food satiation and oral hygiene punishment

    In the formal study, three conditions—baseline, satiation, and satiation plus oral hygiene—were used following the lunch meal in a multiple-baseline across-subjects design. One client's rumination decreased from an average of 89.5% during baseline to 48.8% during the satiation condition and to 3% during satiation plus oral hygiene.

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  • Effects of by-product feed-based silage on feeding ...

    2015-1-27 · This study investigated the effects of feeding by-product feed (BF)-based silage on the behavior of growing Hanwoo heifers. Twelve Hanwoo heifers (13.2 months-old, 315 kg body weight; four heifers per pen) were assigned to three diets: a rice straw (RS) diet (concentrate mix and free access to RS), a RS and BF-based silage (RSBFS) diet (concentrate mix and free access to RS and BF-based …

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  • Decreasing rumination using a starchy food satiation ...

    2002-1-1 · A starchy food satiation procedure was evaluated in an ABAB withdrawal design on the post‐meal rumination of a nine‐year‐old girl with autism. During treatment unlimited quantities of starchy foods were provided following each meal. High rates of rumination occurred during baseline conditions, followed by an immediate decrease in rumination during treatment. Rumination decreased to 82 ...

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  • A preventive intervention to modify depression risk ...

    Effect sizes for variables lacking data to correct for RTM were 1.0, 0.7, and 0.5 for decreased rumination, experiential avoidance, and fear of depression, respectively, and 1.3, 0.6, and 0.4 for increased cognitive flexibility, distress tolerance, and describing/not judging emotions, respectively.

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  • Transforming or restraining rumination: The impact of ...

    2017-2-10 · Transforming or restraining rumination: The impact of compassionate reappraisal versus emotion suppression on empathy, forgiveness, ... (vs. offense ruminating) reduced ratings of negative emotion, decreased the use of negative emotion language, and reduced tension at the brow muscle ... experimental design that would have implications for an ...

    Get Price
  • [PDF] Does rumination mediate the relationship

    OBJECTIVES Major depressive disorder is a significant mental illness that is highly likely to recur, particularly after three or more previous episodes. Increased mindfulness and decreased rumination have both been associated with decreased depressive relapse. The aim of this study was to investigate whether rumination mediates the relationship between mindfulness and depressive relapse.

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  • Understanding Rumination and Technologies to

    2020-7-24 · In an earlier paper ( Using Rumination Sensors to Monitor Heat Stress in Dairy Cows ), the author suggests that daily rumination time decreased by six minutes per day for every one THI unit increase over 60 for high producing Holstein cows housed in a tie-stall barn in southeast Pennsylvania. A German study found that rumination minutes per day ...

    Get Price
  • STUDY PROTOCOL Open Access Preventing relapse in

    2017-8-25 · [16] and that decreased rumination mediates the effects of MBCT [17]. Unlike cognitive reactivity and rumin-ation, self-compassion seems to be a beneficial factor that is protective against depression. Self-compassion can be described as a combination of (a) self-kindness - being kind and understanding toward oneself in instances of

    Get Price
  • A food satiation and oral hygiene punishment

    In the formal study, three conditions—baseline, satiation, and satiation plus oral hygiene—were used following the lunch meal in a multiple-baseline across-subjects design. One client's rumination decreased from an average of 89.5% during baseline to 48.8% during the satiation condition and to 3% during satiation plus oral hygiene.

    Get Price
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  • Does rumination mediate the relationship between ...

    Increased mindfulness and decreased rumination have both been associated with decreased depressive relapse. The aim of this study was to investigate whether rumination mediates the relationship between mindfulness and depressive relapse. ... DESIGN: This prospective design involved a secondary data analysis for identifying causal mechanisms ...

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  • THE EFFECTS OF RUMINATION AND WORRY ON

    rumination in an unselected sample (McLaughlin, Borkovec, et al., 2007), both rumination and worry inductions caused increased negative emotionality and decreased positive emotionality. Therefore, similar to the impact of worry, rumination may be used by depressed individuals to avoid a negative emotional contrast.

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  • Treatment options for rumination syndrome: A

    2019-6-30 · Regurgitation episodes decreased by 74 ± 6% in the biofeedback group (n = 12) but only by 1 ± 14% in the placebo group (n = 11; P < 0.001). Biofeedback significantly reduced the activity of the abdominothoracic muscles, whereas the placebo had no effect; Number of daily rumination episodes decreased to 7.7 ± 1.9 immediately after biofeedback ...

    Get Price
  • : RP-503 - TEMPLATE PROTOCOL - ClinicalTrials.gov

    2020-7-10 · 5.1 Overall Study Design The overall study design is to develop a brief CBT intervention tailored to itch rumination via qualitative methods, including creating an interview guide with closed-and open-ended questions for stakeholders concerning itch-related distress and rumination.

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  • Targeting Ruminative Thinking in Adolescents at Risk for ...

    2016-12-16 · depression and rumination. These data suggest that rumination can be reduced over eight weeks and that this reduction is associated with parallel decreases in residual depressive symptoms and decreased functional connectivity of the left PCC with cognitive control nodes. These changes may enhance the ability of vulnerable youth to stay well ...

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  • Mediating Role of Decentering in the Associations

    2015-4-29 · Theorists have suggested that decentering counteracts rumination since decentered individuals are aware of their ruminative thinking and can relate differently to ruminative thoughts, and decreased rumination through decentering leads to reduction of depression ( Fresco, Moore et al., 2007 ; Teasdale et al., 2002 ).

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  • RUMINATION AND ATTENTIONAL BREADTH 1

    rumination versus problem-solving induction on a measure of state rumination. We also assessed the effect of the induction on heart rate variability because previous research has shown that decreased heart rate variability is associated with the experience of stressful events and worry (Pieper, Brosschot, Van der Leeden, & Thayer, 2007).

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  • A food satiation and oral hygiene punishment

    The second client's rumination decreased from a baseline average of 49.9% to 7.9% during satiation and to 1.4% during satiation plus oral hygiene. Generalization probes taken following the breakfast and dinner meals showed a systematic decline in rumination as the …

    Get Price
  • Effects of Analytical and Experiential Self-focus on ...

    2018-6-2 · According to cognitive models, negative post-event processing rumination is a key maintaining factor in social anxiety disorder (SAD). Analogue research has supported the differentiation of self-focus into different modes of self-focused attention with distinct effects on rumination in …

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  • Does rumination mediate the relationship between ...

    Increased mindfulness and decreased rumination have both been associated with decreased depressive relapse. The aim of this study was to investigate whether rumination mediates the relationship between mindfulness and depressive relapse. ... Design: This prospective design involved a secondary data analysis for identifying causal mechanisms ...

    Get Price
  • Effects of Analytical and Experiential Self-focus on ...

    2018-6-2 · According to cognitive models, negative post-event processing rumination is a key maintaining factor in social anxiety disorder (SAD). Analogue research has supported the differentiation of self-focus into different modes of self-focused attention with distinct effects on rumination in …

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  • Effects of source of dietary neutral detergent fiber on ...

    Rumination chewing decreased (P < .001) with the corn cob and cube diets. The number of chews per day during eating corrected for NDF intake/BW.75 decreased (P < .05) in the corn cob diet. Rumination periods and duration increased and latency before rumination decreased in hay diets.

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  • Cognitive Predictors of Change in Cognitive Behaviour ...

    2011-10-24 · Background: An appreciation of cognitive predictors of change in treatment outcome may help to better understand differential treatment outcomes. The aim of this study was to examine how rumination and mindfulness impact on treatment outcome in two group-based interventions for non-melancholic depression: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy …

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  • GEA CowScout

    2021-6-11 · eating and rumination time data allows you to identify sick cows at an earlier date – helping to minimise treatment costs and drops in milk production. The best basis for a hearty appetite and long-term high performance! 24/7 Monitoring of Cow Behaviour Other Activities Eating 4-6 hours Rumination …

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  • Effects of by-product feed-based silage on feeding ...

    2015-1-27 · This study investigated the effects of feeding by-product feed (BF)-based silage on the behavior of growing Hanwoo heifers. Twelve Hanwoo heifers (13.2 months-old, 315 kg body weight; four heifers per pen) were assigned to three diets: a rice straw (RS) diet (concentrate mix and free access to RS), a RS and BF-based silage (RSBFS) diet (concentrate mix and free access to RS and BF-based …

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  • profile | Psychology | University of Exeter

    Rumination is a term used to refer to unhelpful dwelling on problems, mistakes and losses. In particular, the research is examining whether people can be trained in and out of unhelpful ruminative thinking. 3. Rumination-focused CBT for residual depression.

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  • The therapeutic potential of microdosing psychedelics

    2020-8-27 · Abstract. Microdosing psychedelics is the repeated use of small doses of, for example, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and psilocybin, typically for a few weeks. Despite the popular and scientific attention in recent years, and claims by users that it has therapeutic value in affective disorders like depression, little scientific knowledge is ...

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    2020-3-17 · With these in mind, we return to industry source. The 5th China Gas Turbine Focus, GTF2019, will be scheduled for April 25 and 26, 2019 in Shanghai. The focus will bring together 300 industry experts from government & association, gas power plant, energy projects worldwide, the OEMs, R&D and design institutes, as well as components and solutions providers.

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  • Rozprawy doktorskie: „Physiological aspects of Mental ...

    Rumination has been consistently found to be a risk factor of depression. However, few studies examined rumination and its relationship with depression, and the protective role of such individual positive traits as hope, in a Hong Kong Chinese context.

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  • Publications | Faculty of Engineering | Imperial College ...

    Three driven approaches to combinational creativity. , 21st International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED 17), Publisher: Design Society, Pages: 259-268, ISSN: 2220-4342. Creativity is a crucial element of design, and a human attribute that has aroused significant attention.

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  • Skeptical Science: Recent Comments

    2020-10-20 · Examines the science and arguments of global warming skepticism. Common objections like 'global warming is caused by the sun', 'temperature has changed naturally in the past' or 'other planets are warming too' are examined to see what the science really says.

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  • Nutrients | Free Full-Text | Dieting and Disinhibited ...

    Rumination has been implicated in mood and anxiety disorders [17,18], and there is a growing body of research on rumination in relation to eating disorder pathology [19,20,21]. Disorder-specific thoughts, focusing particularly on the control of eating, weight and shape [ 22 , 23 ], are presented in women with eating disorders and are likely to ...

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  • Cognitive executive functioning and self-compassion

    The aim of this study was twofold: firstly, to determine self-compassion profiles by means of latent profile analysis and, secondly, to determine whether the executive function

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    2021-7-18 · Decreased Leads to Normal > Greater than < Less than. ± Plus/minus ° Degree. Male. Female. α Alpha. β Beta. δ Delta. ε Epsilon. κ Kappa. μ Mu. θ Theta ® Registered trademark TM Trademark. Controversial topic. 5-HIAA 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid. 5-HT 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) 6CIT Six-item Cognitive Impairment Test. A&E ...

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  • Pain neurophysiology education improves cognitions,

    2011-1-1 · Free Online Library: Pain neurophysiology education improves cognitions, pain thresholds, and movement performance in people with chronic whiplash: a pilot study.(Report) by 'Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development'; Health, general Back pain Physiological aspects Backache Chronic fatigue syndrome Chronic pain Employee attitudes Employees Beliefs, opinions and attitudes …

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  • psychological support group: Topics by Science.gov

    Psychological and Pedagogic Support of Children with Health Limitations. ERIC Educational Resources Information Center. Ezhovkina, Elena Vasilyevna; Ryabova, Natalia Vladimirovna. 2015-01-01. The article represented theoretic analysis of the literature on the problem of psychological and pedagogic support of disabled children. It defined the following terms: a successfully adapting disabled ...

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  • Short title: Mindfulness, rumination and depressive ...

    2021-1-12 · decreased rumination have both been associated with decreased depressive relapse. The aim of this study was to investigate whether rumination mediates the relationship between mindfulness and depressive relapse. Design: This prospective design involved a secondary data analysis for identifying causal mechanisms using mediation analysis.

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  • Understanding Rumination and Technologies to

    2020-7-24 · In an earlier paper ( Using Rumination Sensors to Monitor Heat Stress in Dairy Cows ), the author suggests that daily rumination time decreased by six minutes per day for every one THI unit increase over 60 for high producing Holstein cows housed in a tie-stall barn in southeast Pennsylvania. A German study found that rumination minutes per day ...

    Get Price
  • : RP-503 - TEMPLATE PROTOCOL - ClinicalTrials.gov

    2020-7-10 · 5.1 Overall Study Design The overall study design is to develop a brief CBT intervention tailored to itch rumination via qualitative methods, including creating an interview guide with closed-and open-ended questions for stakeholders concerning itch-related distress and rumination.

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  • Combining tDCS and Working Memory Training to Down ...

    2021-1-12 · Rumination Heart rate variability (HRV) Introduction Rumination is defined as persistent attention on the causes, symptoms and implications of one’s negative mood (Nolen-Hoeksema 1991). It is a major risk factor for depression (Nolen-Hoeksema et al. 2008). Studies looking at cognitive mechanisms associated with rumination have

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  • The Association between Work-Related Rumination

    The objective of this study was to examine the association between perseverative cognition in the form of work-related rumination, and heart rate variability (HRV). We tested the hypothesis that high ruminators would show lower vagally mediated HRV relative to low ruminators during their leisure time. Individuals were classified as being low (n = 17) or high ruminators (n = 19), using the ...

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  • Effects of analytical and experiential self-focus on ...

    According to cognitive models, negative post-event processing rumination is a key maintaining factor in social anxiety disorder (SAD). Analogue research has supported the differentiation of self-focus into different modes of self-focused attention with distinct effects on rumination …

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  • Differential effects of rumination and distraction on ...

    2016-4-13 · Rumination is accompanied by an elevated self-focus, which is associated with increased resting state functional connectivity and decreased reactivity within the default mode network. Interestingly, the NMDA receptor antagonist ketamine reduces functional connectivity in this network, while its effects on blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD ...

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  • Frontiers | Prosocial Behavior Can Moderate the ...

    2020-4-17 · ObjectiveRumination, which is a coping style to distress, has become a common mode of thinking about mental illnesses such as depression and anxiety. Improving mindfulness is an effective way to help people cope with rumination. Individuals who had higher prosocial behaviors reported a high level of mindfulness. This study aimed to explore whether prosocial behavior helps individuals with …

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  • MAP Train My Brain: Meditation Combined with

    简历: 01/2013-至今 中国科学院心理研究所研究员 08/2009-12/2012 中国科学院心理研究所副研究员 08/2007-08/2009 中国科学院心理研究所博士后 09/2003-09/2006 北京师范大学心理学院基础心理学博士 …

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  • A Daily Diary Study of Rumination and Health Behaviors ...

    2020-10-13 · Rumination is common and may impact health behaviors Rumination is a common cognitive process that has been studied extensively; its deleterious effects on mental and physical health have been documented by numerous researchers (see Smith & Alloy, 2009, for a review). Rumination refers to passively and repetitively thinking about a negative

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  • RUMINATION AND ATTENTIONAL BREADTH 1

    rumination versus problem-solving induction on a measure of state rumination. We also assessed the effect of the induction on heart rate variability because previous research has shown that decreased heart rate variability is associated with the experience of stressful events and worry (Pieper, Brosschot, Van der Leeden, & Thayer, 2007).

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  • Using Rumination Sensors to Monitor Heat Stress in

    2016-10-19 · During the course of the study, maximum daily THI ranged from 60 to 85, minimum daily THI ranged from 46 to 75, and average daily rumination ranged from 311 to 497 minutes per day (Figure 2). In general dairy cows will spend about 8 hours (480 minutes) per day ruminating. Cattle experienced at least some level of heat stress every day from July ...

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  • Social Media Rumination: The Impact Of Materialistic

    2021-6-18 · evidence shows longitudinal effects of rumination, in which rumination can interfere with coping with depression and anxiety symptoms (Grierson et al., 2016). Wang et al. (2018) also found that rumination fully mediated the relationship between online self-presentation and depression in …

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  • Thinking About Rumination: The Scholarly

    2019-7-17 · Susan's approach was to employ a powerful quasi-experimental 2×2 design in which dysphoric and nondysphoric participants are randomly assigned to engage in laboratory rumination or distraction tasks, a design originally developed in collaboration with her graduate student Jannay Morrow (Nolen-Hoeksema & Morrow 1993). For the rumination task ...

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  • Emotion Regulation Strategies in Binge Eating Disorder ...

    2014-5-21 · with decreased caloric intake on the taste task after mood induction. Overall, these findings highlight the importance of considering trans-diagnostic processes in BED as well as the need to identify other theoretically-relevant factors that contribute to the cognitive and behavioral features of BED. Limitations and directions for future studies

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  • The effects of self-critical rumination on shame and ...

    In conclusion, this study put forward an experimental design to delve into the effects of self-critical rumination, which differentiates from generic self-critical thinking (Thew et al., Reference Thew, Gregory, Roberts and Rimes 2017) or trait self-critical perfectionism (Besser et al., Reference Besser, Flett and Hewitt 2004; Stoeber et al ...

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  • Does rumination mediate the relationship between ...

    Increased mindfulness and decreased rumination have both been associated with decreased depressive relapse. The aim of this study was to investigate whether rumination mediates the relationship between mindfulness and depressive relapse. ... Design: This prospective design involved a secondary data analysis for identifying causal mechanisms ...

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  • Choosing an Activity System for Your Dairy

    2015-6-22 · The systems typically consist of three main parts 1) an activity tag containing a pedometer or accelerometer attached to the leg, ear, or a collar on the cow's neck; 2) an antenna to read the activity tag; and 3) a computer with software that allows the dairy farmer to enter information into the system and view output from the activity tags.

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  • Levels of salivary immunoglobulin A under

    Rumination is important to maintain and increases the severity of depression and stress, and its increase is associated with rise stress levels 16. Research findings show the association between rumination with cortisol responses 15 and salivary alpha amylase 17 to psychological stress. The question arises as to whether changes in salivary IgA ...

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